Winterfell Reef

Toronto, Canada
Volume 100 Gallons
Dimensions 48'' x 24'' x 20''
Make Miracle Aquariums
Model Starfire
Timeline
External links
Lighting schedule

Introduction

I've kept freshwater tanks for years, starting off with guppies and tetras, progressing to cichlids and finally planted aquariums. Then reef bug has hit me hard and Im on my 3rd reef by now, with a 4th one in the works.

I have always been fascinated with aquatic life and when it comes to saltwater, there's an abundance of various life forms.

I consider reef keeping to be the ultimate hobby, there's so many aspects to it: biology, chemistry, physics, electronics, carpentry, plumbing. All of this skills are ever evolving and are useful in other parts of life. Most importantly, there's no ceiling to this knowledge, many aquarists with 30 years of experience are still learning.
Torch Coral Thumbnail
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  • Torch Coral / Euphyllia glabrescens

Background

This being my 3rd reef aquarium I went with what seemed back than the largest aquarium I could get - a hundred gallons. While it seemed overwhelming back then, now the tank looks quite small and I am severely running out of space for both corals and fish.

I went with the largest sump I could fit with a huge refugium section, to which I attribute my success.

The tank and stand was ordered from Miracles Aquariums, a Canadian company. Everything came on time and the quality is simply superb.

While originally this was a stand-alone tank, I've plumbed an external refugium into and have been running them in tandem in the past few months.
Frogspawn Thumbnail
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  • Frogspawn / Euphyllia paradivisa

Photos

Videos See all Videos

Filtration

Large refugium with live rock and chaeto algae is my primary source of biological filtration.

I dose ProdiBio complex on a bi-weekly basis and use passive ROX carbon filtration.
Tenuis Acropora Coral Thumbnail
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  • Tenuis Acropora Coral / Acropora tenuis

Lighting

The tank is lit with 2 EcoTech Radion Pro LEDs. Surprisingly it turned out to be more than enough for this tank and I'm running them at 65% intensity.

I've recently upgraded the lenses on those fixtures to wide-angle and am really pleased with the results.
Red Dragon Acropora Thumbnail
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  • Red Dragon Acropora / Acropora carduus

Flow

Flow is achieved with 2 EcoTech MP40s on the opposite sides of the reef. They are hooked up to my Apex via WMX module and I cycle through multiple schedules throughout the day. I especially like the Nutrient mode.

Return pump is performed by a Waveline 5000 DC Pump which I can highly recommend.
Crocea Clam Thumbnail
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  • Crocea Clam / Tridacna crocea

Measurements

Temperature
pH
409
ORP
Salinity
8.8
Alkalinity
Phosphate
Nitrate
Iodine
450
Calcium
Magnesium

Inhabitants

I got 3 tangs in my aquarium: Blue Hippo Tang, Yellow Tang and Kole Tang. All three are my favourites and I definitely have a soft spot for tangs.

Currently there's only one wrasse (Melanurus) in the tank and he has grown significantly in the last few months.

My other fish include: Royal Gramma, Red Firefish, 4 Dispar Anthias and a single clown.

I had a few jumpers and will be looking for a screen at some point in the future.
Tooth Coral Thumbnail
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  • Tooth Coral / Galaxea spp.

16 Fish

Blue Tang Paracanthurus hepatus
5 Dispar Anthias Pseudanthias dispar
3 Firefish Goby Nemateleotris Magnifica
Kole Yellow Eye Tang Ctenochaetus strigosus
Mandarin Goby Synchiropus splendidus
Ocellaris Clownfish Amphiprion ocellaris
Yellow Tang Zebrasoma flavescens
2 Yellowstripe Maroon Clownfish Premnas biaculeatus

32 Corals

Acropora Coral Acropora sp
Acropora Coral Acropora sp
Acropora millepora Acropora millepora
Acropora millepora Acropora millepora
Bali Green Slimer Acropora yongei
Birdsnest Coral Seriatopora hystrix
Branched Montipora Coral Montipora digitata
Brown Hammer Coral Euphyllia ancora
Candy Cane Coral Caulastrea furcata
Duncan Polyp Duncanopsammia axifuga
Frogspawn Euphyllia paradivisa
Frogspawn Coral - Branched Euphyllia paradivisa
Hammer Coral Euphyllia ancora
Montipora Coral, Plating Montipora capricornis
Montipora Coral, Plating Montipora capricornis
Neon Green Hammer Coral Euphyllia ancora
Pulsating Xenia Xenia elongata
Red Dragon Acropora Acropora carduus
2 Ricordea Mushroom Ricordea yuma
Ricordea Mushroom Ricordea florida
Starburst Polyp Briareum sp.
Tenuis Acropora Coral Acropora tenuis
Tooth Coral Galaxea spp.
Torch Coral Euphyllia glabrescens

30 Invertebrate

Blood Red Fire Shrimp Lysmata debelius
2 Cerith Snail Cerithium sp.
Crocea Clam Tridacna crocea
Dwarf Zebra Hermit Crab Calcinus laevimanus
Feather Duster Sabellastarte sp.
Fighting Conch Strombus spp.
Hard Tube Coco Worm Protula bispiralis
5 Nassarius Snail Nassarius sp.
Porcelain Crab Petrolisthes galathinus
Randall's Pistol Shrimp Alpheus randalli
Rose Bulb Anemone Entacmaea quadricolor
Tiger Pistol Shrimp Alpheus bellulus
3 Turbo Snail Turbo fluctuosa

Equipment

I check Alkalinity once or twice a week. Phosphates and Nitrates are checked every 2-3 weeks. The rest are checked once a month or ever rarer.

Originally I was targeting Alkalinity at 7 dKh, but lately I've been trying to increase it to 8-9 dKh range.

My Salinity, ORP, pH and Temperature are hooked up to my Apex controller.
Bali Green Slimer Thumbnail
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  • Bali Green Slimer / Acropora yongei

Additives

I primarily dose ProdiBio for nitrate control. Supplement it with ZeoBak once in a while plus a bit of amino acids.

Currently I dose a 2 part B-Ionic solution by ESV. I plan to supplement this with Kalk in the near future.
Acropora Coral Thumbnail
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  • Acropora Coral / Acropora sp

Feeding See more

Reef-roids · Hikari Frozen Mysis Shrimp · PE Cyclopeze · Julian Sprung Sea Veggies

Maintenance

Every week I perform a 10-15% water change, empty the skimmer cup, replace filter floss and thoroughly clean the glass.

Acropora millepora Thumbnail
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  • Acropora millepora / Acropora millepora

On average you perform a 6.8% water change every 7 days.

0% total water change in November.

0 activities in the last year

Dec Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov
                                                                                                       
                                                                                                       
                                                                                                       
                                                                                                       
                                                                                                       
                                                                                                       
                                                                                                       

Inspiration & Goals

There are several aquariums and approaches that have inspired me:
- Julian Sprung's reef aquarium and refugium
- The majority of Aquariums of the Month on Reef Central and many other forums
- Aquariums of AquaticLog users: urbaneks, d2mini, ssbk23, djkms and many others

My goal is to create a complexly balanced eco system that would provide a healthy environment for my fish and corals to live in. Create a vibrant and diverse mini-universe and try to recreate natural habitat.
Feather Duster Thumbnail
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  • Feather Duster / Sabellastarte sp.

Words of Wisdom

Patience is definitely one of the most important aspects of this hobby and I still need to work on it.

I enjoy interacting with other hobbyist and find that visiting someone else's aquarium can be extremely rewarding and informative. The variety of ways to keep a successful reef does not seize to amaze me.
Montipora Coral, Plating Thumbnail
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  • Montipora Coral, Plating / Montipora capricornis

Disasters & Regrets

I had a number of setbacks, but nothing major, thank God.

The biggest disaster I've had up to date was to lose all of my fish to velvet when my tank was 5 months old. That was very painful and it was almost as painful to look at a fish less reef aquarium for another 2 months. There you go - patience.

I am now trying to have a stricter quarantine regimen but still don't do it 100 per cent.
Frogspawn Coral - Branched Thumbnail
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  • Frogspawn Coral - Branched / Euphyllia paradivisa

Acknowledgements

I would like to thank many members of my local reef club - MAST (Marine Aquarium Society of Toronto) for their various help and also sharing their knowledge with me.

Reef forums such as Reef Central, Reef 2 Reef, Nano-Reef and GTA Aquaria have all been extremely helpful.

I also want to thank the following AquaticLog users for their help, support and advice: d2mini, urbaneks, stevek.
Plate Coral, Blue - Short Tentacle Thumbnail
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  • Plate Coral, Blue - Short Tentacle / Fungia sp